Heart valve disease care in Brandon, Florida

At Brandon Regional Hospital, our cardiologists provide the advanced, expert heart care you need following the diagnosis of a structural heart condition, such as a heart valve disease or heart murmur. Through our Heart Murmur and Valve Program, we are committed to providing treatment options that restore your quality of life.

To learn more about our valve and heart murmur care, please call our valve clinic coordinator at (813) 916-1270.

Heart valve conditions we treat

Some people are born with a heart valve condition (congenital), while others acquire it later in life. Often, congenital heart valve disease involves improperly formed pulmonary or aortic valves.

There are multiple types of problems that may occur in a valve, such as a lack of tissue flaps, improper size or shape or an improper opening that negatively affects blood flow.

Valve conditions can make your heart work harder and affect its ability to pump blood. We treat the following types of congenital and acquired heart valve disease at our hospital:

  • Aortic valve diseases—These are conditions that affect the valve between the left ventricle and aorta, called the aortic valve.
    • Aortic regurgitation—This condition occurs when the aortic valve does not close properly and allows blood pumped out of the left ventricle to leak back in.
    • Aortic stenosis—This condition occurs when the aortic valve narrows and restricts blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta. Symptoms may include shortness of breath, dizziness, fatigue and heart failure.
    • Aortic sclerosis—This condition occurs when calcifications form on the aortic valve, which narrows the opening of the valve. This results in a reduction of blood flow through the valve.
  • Bicuspid aortic valve disease (BAVD)—This is a structural abnormality in the aorta where the valve only has two leaflets to regulate blood flow instead of three.
  • Congenital heart abnormalities—These heart conditions are present at birth and are associated with a problem in the heart's structure, such as the heart walls and valves.
  • Heart murmurs—These are sounds made by the heart during the heartbeat and blood flow cycle.
  • Mitral valve diseases—These are conditions that occur when the mitral valve is not functioning properly and disrupts the function of the left atrium.
    • Mitral regurgitation—This condition occurs when the mitral valve reverses the blood flow from the left ventricle to left atrium.
    • Mitral stenosis—This condition occurs when the mitral valve narrows and blocks blood flow from the left atrium to left ventricle.
    • Mitral valve prolapse—This condition occurs when the leaflets that allow blood to flow through the mitral valve prolapse, or expand, into the left atrium during contraction. It can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.
  • Pulmonic regurgitation—This condition occurs when the pulmonary valve, which supplies blood from the heart to the lungs, does not close properly. This allows blood to flow back into the heart before it reaches the lungs.
  • Tricuspid valve diseases—These conditions affect the valve that connects the right ventricle and right atrium, called the tricuspid valve.
    • Tricuspid regurgitation—This condition occurs when the tricuspid valve does not close tight enough and allows blood to flow back into the right atrium.
    • Tricuspid stenosis—This condition occurs when the tricuspid valve narrows and obstructs blood flow in the right side of the heart.

If left untreated, heart valve disease can lead to heart failure, cerebrovascular accident (stroke), blood clots, sudden cardiac arrest and other cardiovascular conditions.

There are currently no medications to cure heart valve disease, but symptoms can be relieved through lifestyle changes and medicines. If your condition requires treatment beyond medication, valve repair or replacement surgery may be an option.

Heart murmurs

A heart murmur is defined as an extra, and sometimes unusual, sound heard during a heartbeat. Murmurs can range from very faint to very loud. There are two types of heart murmurs: innocent murmurs and abnormal murmurs.

Innocent heart murmurs

An innocent murmur is not caused by a problem with the heart, and a person with an innocent murmur is considered to have a normal heart. Innocent murmurs are common in healthy children and newborns. More than half of all children have a heart murmur at some time, and most are harmless.

Abnormal heart murmurs

An abnormal murmur generally occurs in people with signs or symptoms of a heart problem. In children, the most common cause of an abnormal murmur is congenital heart disease—when a child is born with a structural heart abnormality.

Common congenital heart abnormalities that cause heart murmurs may include:

  • Holes in the heart—Also known as cardiac shunts, this type of murmur is caused by holes in the walls between the chambers of the heart, known as septal abnormalities. A shunt occurs when abnormal blood flow between the chambers occurs, leading to a murmur.
  • Heart valve abnormalities—These are conditions that are present at birth, but often are not discovered until later in life. This can include stenosis and regurgitation.

There are other potential causes of abnormal murmurs, such as infections and conditions that damage the heart's structure. These causes are more common in older children and adults and may include:

  • Rheumatic fever
  • Endocarditis
  • Valve calcification
  • Mitral valve prolapse

In adults, abnormal heart murmurs are most often caused by acquired heart valve disease.

Heart valve disease treatment options

Medications and lifestyle changes may be used to manage symptoms, but valve surgery is the only treatment option to correct structural abnormalities of the heart.

Our surgeons perform the following types of valve surgery: